Sermon Notes

May 31st – Language  GodWhy Homeschool


The Church – All believers in Jesus Christ 30 AD to 1054 AD




Greek Orthodox / Roman Catholic


Relations between the East and the West deteriorated until a formal split occurred in 1054. The Eastern Church became the Greek Orthodox Church by severing all ties with Rome and the Roman Catholic Church — from the pope to the Holy Roman Emperor on down.


The issues of the procession of the Holy Spirit, whether leavened or unleavened bread should be used in the Eucharist, the Bishop of Rome’s claim to universal jurisdiction


Nicene Creed

“We believe . . . in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of life, who proceeds from the Father, who with the Father and the Son together is worshiped and glorified, who spoke by the prophets.”


Dark Ages – 500 AD 1000 AD


Catholic and Protestant – 1521


Protestant Reformation was a movement within Western Christianity in 16th-century Europe that posed a religious and political challenge to the Catholic Church and in particular to papal authority. Although the Reformation is usually considered to have started with the publication of the Ninety-five Theses by Martin Luther in 1517, there was no schism between the Catholic Church and the nascent Luther until the 1521 Edict of Worms.


Martin Luther – Edict of Worms 1521

“I cannot and will not recant anything, since it is neither safe nor right to go against conscience. Here I stand, I can do no other May God help me. Amen.”


Sola Scriptura (by scripture alone in English).  The Catholic Church held Tradition and pope when he speaks ex cathedra, both to be equal to Scripture.


World’s worst translator (?? Min)


Roman Catholic doctrine, a Pope speaking ex cathedra on issues of faith or morals is infallible.


30,000+ Christian organizations (groups, branches or denominations) worldwide. Almost all hold some varying opinion of what Scripture says.



Scripture, Canon,  Hermeneutics, Apologetics


Biblical canon or canon of scripture is a set of texts (or “books”) which a particular religious community regards as authoritative


Apocrypha are a set of texts included in the Septuagint (Greek Old Testament) and Latin Vulgate (Latin version of the Bible) but not in the Hebrew Bible.


Hermeneutics (/ˌhɜːrməˈnjuːtɪks/) is the theory and methodology of interpretation of biblical texts.


Apologetics  – reasoned arguments or writings in justification of religious doctrine.



Gospel, Evangelism, Proselytize


Gospel – Good News – the teaching or revelation of Christ.


Evangelism – the spreading of the Christian gospel by public preaching or personal witness.


Great Commission:

Matthew 28:18-20  Then Jesus came to them and said, ‘All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to me. Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you. And surely I am with you always, to the very end of the age.’


Proselytize  – convert or attempt to convert (someone) from one religion, belief, or opinion to another.


Fellowship – association, especially with people who share one’s faith beliefs.


The Fellowship of the Believers

Acts 2:42-47 They devoted themselves to the apostles’ teaching and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayer. Everyone was filled with awe at the many wonders and signs performed by the apostles. All the believers were together and had everything in common. They sold property and possessions to give to anyone who had need. Every day they continued to meet together in the temple courts. They broke bread in their homes and ate together with glad and sincere hearts, praising God and enjoying the favor of all the people. And the Lord added to their number daily those who were being saved.


Love Feasts

The early church had times of food and fellowship much as we do today, and these times were called “love feasts.” as seen in Jude 1:12 and twice they are mentioned with a rebuke for failing to be healthy (1 Corinthians 11:21 and 2 Peter 2:13).


1 Corinthians 11:20-22 So then, when you come together, it is not the Lord’s Supper you eat, for when you are eating, some of you go ahead with your own private suppers. As a result, one person remains hungry and another gets drunk. Don’t you have homes to eat and drink in? Or do you despise the church of God by humiliating those who have nothing? What shall I say to you? Shall I praise you? Certainly not in this matter!



Sacrament is an an action made holy or special because of its believed ability to demonstrate a religious truth, or a truth about God.



The Holy Eucharist – Communion

Anointing of the Sick

Holy Orders – Ordination


Confirmation (not generally practiced by Protestant churches)

Penance (not practiced by Protestant churches)


Confirmation  – the rite at which a baptized person, especially one baptized as an infant, affirms Christian belief and is admitted as a full member of the Church.



Ephesians 2:8-9 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God– not by works, so that no one can boast.



James 5:16 Confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.



Anointing of the Sick


James 5:14-16 Is anyone among you sick? Let them call the elders of the church to pray over them and anoint them with oil in the name of the Lord. And the prayer offered in faith will make them well; the Lord will raise them up. If they have sinned, they will be forgiven. Therefore confess your sins to each other and pray for each other so that you may be healed. The prayer of a righteous person is powerful and effective.


Baptism – To Dip – originally for the purpose of cleansing oneself for moral impurity.


Acts 19:4-5 Paul said, ‘John’s baptism was a baptism of repentance. He told the people to believe in the one coming after him, that is, in Jesus.


Romans 6:4 We were therefore buried with him (Jesus) through baptism into death in order that, just as Christ was raised from the dead through the glory of the Father, we too may live a new life.



Last Supper / Eucharist / Communion / Transubstantiation



Eucharist to refer to the entire rite, while the word Communion is used for the sacramental elements themselves, hence “to receive Communion”



Roman Catholics believe that the bread and wine that is offered is the actual body and blood of Christ and another form of sacrifice. They believe that although the bread and wine physically remain the same, it is transformed beyond human comprehension into the body, blood soul and divinity of Jesus.


Protestants believe that Jesus made his sacrifice on the cross and simply follow the tradition of the sacrament in memory of the event, recalling its symbolic importance in the life of Jesus.





Acts 16:30-31 ‘Sirs, what must I do to be saved?’ They replied, ‘Believe in the Lord Jesus, and you will be saved–you and your household.


Not a formula – Audio Rob Bell (4 min)


Romans 10:9-10 If you declare with your mouth, ‘Jesus is Lord,’ and believe in your heart that God raised him from the dead, you will be saved. For it is with your heart that you believe and are justified, and it is with your mouth that you profess your faith and are saved.


And… What about everyone else that’s never heard the message.


John 10:14-16 ‘I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me– just as the Father knows me and I know the Father–and I lay down my life for the sheep. I have other sheep that are not of this sheep pen. I must bring them also. They too will listen to my voice, and there shall be one flock and one shepherd.


Luke 12:47-48 ‘The servant who knows the master’s will and does not get ready or does not do what the master wants will be beaten with many blows. But the one who does not know and does things deserving punishment will be beaten with few blows. From everyone who has been given much, much will be demanded; and from the one who has been entrusted with much, much more will be asked.




Ephesians 2:8-9 For it is by grace you have been saved, through faith–and this is not from yourselves, it is the gift of God– not by works, so that no one can boast.


Grace is God’s gift to us, that we have not learned, we receive it because of what he has done for us, not what we have done for him.


Repentance and Atonement speaks of how this grace comes to us.


Repentance – the action of repenting is a sincere regret or remorse and turning away from self to God.


Atonement – Audio – CS Lewis (5 Min)


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